Environ Dev Sustain. 2023 Jan 13:1-35. doi: 10.1007/s10668-022-02868-5. Online ahead of print.
The competitive environment in the global market makes most countries look for better ways to solve their problems. Food waste is the largest concern facing the food security of the world. Not paying attention to process of pomegranate wastes, such as separating the peel from the other parts and ignoring the cost of using artificial intelligence for pest control in gardens and the cost of maintaining the processed products are the gaps of previous researches. To cope with this challenge, recent studies have presented sustainable closed-loop supply chains (SCLSCs) as a strategic approach and a competitive advantage. The present study distinguishes itself from other studies by using the artificial intelligence technology in a supply chain along with the reverse logistics section, i.e., waste recycling. This paper proposes a design for a CLSC pomegranates. The corresponding logistics network is designed for several periods and covers manufacturers, distribution centers, customers, factories, recycling centers (compost centers), and compost end user (compost markets). Using reverse logistics, the wasted pomegranates are also converted into recycled products including ethanol, as an automotive fuel and a renewable energy, and a type of compost processed as an organic fertilizer. The goal of proposed model is to minimize the costs of supply chains, reduce the supply risks involved, and increase the profits for gardeners and investors in the public and non-profit agriculture sectors in Iran. The first pareto solution is 1,869,908.962, 2172.638 and 65.926, and the CPU time is 412 Ms. The results show a rise in the maximum supply risk occurs in the total cost and risk but a reduction in the accountability of the network and also an increase in the disruption period findings in increased total cost and risk of the network, while it first increases and then decreases the accountability.