Deterministic Synthesis of Pd Nanocrystals Enclosed by High-Index Facets and Their Enhanced Activity toward Formic Acid Oxidation

Precis Chem. 2023 Jul 24;1(6):372-381. doi: 10.1021/prechem.3c00060. eCollection 2023 Aug 28.


Noble-metal nanocrystals enclosed by high-index facets are of growing interest due to their enhanced catalytic performance in a variety of reactions. Herein, we report the deterministic synthesis of Pd nanocrystals encased by high-index facets by controlling the rate of deposition (Vdeposition) relative to that of surface diffusion (Vdiffusion). For octahedral seeds with truncated corners, a reduction rate (and thus deposition rate) faster than that of surface diffusion (i.e., Vdeposition/Vdiffusion > 1) led to the formation of concave trisoctahedra (TOH) with high-index facets. When the reduction was slowed down, in contrast, surface diffusion dominated the growth pathway. In the case of Vdeposition/Vdiffusion ≈ 1, truncated octahedra with enlarged sizes were produced. When the reduction rate was between these two extremes, we obtained concave tetrahexahedra (THH) without or with truncation. Similar growth patterns were also observed for the cuboctahedral seeds. When the Pd octahedra, concave TOH, and concave THH were tested for electrocatalyzing the formic acid oxidation (FAO) reaction, those with high-index facets were advantageous over the conventional Pd octahedra enclosed by {111} facets. This work not only contributes to the understanding of surface diffusion and its role in nanocrystal growth but also offers a general protocol for the synthesis of nanocrystals enclosed by high-index facets.

PMID:37654808 | PMC:PMC10467563 | DOI:10.1021/prechem.3c00060


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