Development of a novel NiCu nanoparticle-loaded polysaccharide-based hydrogel for 3D printing of customizable dressings with promising cytotoxicity against melanoma cells

Mater Today Bio. 2023 Aug 11;22:100770. doi: 10.1016/j.mtbio.2023.100770. eCollection 2023 Oct.


Polysaccharide hydrogels and metal alloy nanoparticles have already found use in a range of biomedical applications. Nickel-copper nanoparticles (NiCu NPs) are particularly promising due to their tunable properties, such as ferromagnetism, biocompatibility, and antimicrobial activity. At the same time, polysaccharide hydrogels made of polymer mixtures such as alginate and methylcellulose with incorporated metal alloy nanoparticles are reported in the scientific literature. In view of this, in this work, NiCu NPs are combined with polysaccharide hydrogels and 3D printed to construct geometrically customizable dressings with tailorable properties for melanoma treatment. This novel combination exploits the intrinsic magnetic properties of NiCu NPs and the same time builds on their less known properties to improve the mechanic stability of 3D printed materials, both contributing to a previously not reported application as potent cytotoxic dressing against melanoma cells. The dressings were evaluated in terms of their physico-chemical characteristics, and their potential application, namely melanoma cell cytotoxicity. While all dressings exhibited similar degradation profiles regardless of composition, the addition of NiCu NPs had an effect on the hydrophilicity, swelling rates, and topographical properties of the dressings. Compression results showed that the presence of NPs increased the stiffness of the dressings, while the ultimate tensile strength was highest at 0.31 MPa for the dressings with 0.5 wt% NPs. We show that although the base formulation of the dressings is biocompatible with skin-derived cells, dressings loaded with NPs exhibit promising antimelanoma activity. Extracts obtained from dressings containing 0.5 wt% NPs reduced melanoma cell viability to 61% ± 11% and 40% ± 2% after 24 h and 72 h of soaking, respectively. Furthermore, extracts of dressings with 1 wt% NPs reduced melanoma cell viability to less than 15% within the first 24 h. By adjusting the NP content, the mechanical properties, surface roughness, and wettability can be tuned so that the dressings can be functionally customized. In addition, by using 3D printing as a fabrication process, the shape and composition of the dressings can be tailored to the patient’s needs. The dressings also remained intact after soaking in simulated physiological solution for 14 days, indicating their suitability for long-term topical application.

PMID:37636985 | PMC:PMC10448318 | DOI:10.1016/j.mtbio.2023.100770


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