Development of an Enzymatic Biosensor Using Glutamate Oxidase on Organic-Inorganic-Structured, Electrospun Nanofiber-Modified Electrodes for Monosodium Glutamate Detection

Biosensors (Basel). 2023 Mar 28;13(4):430. doi: 10.3390/bios13040430.


Herein, dendrimer-modified montmorillonite (Mt)-decorated poly-Ɛ-caprolactone (PCL) and chitosan (CHIT)-based nanofibers were prepared. Mt was modified with a poly(amidoamine) generation 1 (PAMAMG1) dendrimer, and the obtained PAMAMG1-Mt was incorporated into the PCL-CHIT nanofiber’s structure. The PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt nanofibers were conjugated with glutamate oxidase (GluOx) to design a bio-based detection system for monosodium glutamate (MSG). PAMAMG1-Mt was added to the PCL-CHIT backbone to provide a multipoint binding side to immobilize GluOx via covalent bonds. After the characterization of PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt/GluOx, it was calibrated for MSG. The linear ranges were determined from 0.025 to 0.25 mM MSG using PCL-CHIT/Mt/GluOx and from 0.0025 to 0.175 mM MSG using PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt/GluOx (with a detection limit of 7.019 µM for PCL-CHIT/Mt/GluOx and 1.045 µM for PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt/GluOx). Finally, PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt/GluOx was applied to analyze MSG content in tomato soup without interfering with the sample matrix, giving a recovery percentage of 103.125%. Hence, the nanofiber modification with dendrimer-intercalated Mt and GluOx conjugation onto the formed nanocomposite structures was performed, and the PCL-CHIT/PAMAMG1-Mt/GluOx system was successfully developed for MSG detection.

PMID:37185504 | PMC:PMC10135961 | DOI:10.3390/bios13040430


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