RSC Adv. 2022 Nov 10;12(49):32110-32118. doi: 10.1039/d2ra05594e. eCollection 2022 Nov 3.
Herein we report the development of highly efficient heterojunctions by combining n-type g-C3N4 and MOFs as bi-functional photoelectrocatalysts towards the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). g-C3N4@MIL-125(Ti) and g-C3N4@UiO-66 have been synthesized via in situ incorporation of pre-synthesized g-C3N4 nanoparticles into MIL-125(Ti) and UiO-66. Bare MIL-125(Ti) and UiO-66 are also prepared for comparison. All the synthesized samples have been characterized by Powder X-ray Diffraction analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopic analysis, Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry and UV-Vis Spectroscopic analysis. Cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry studies have been carried out for all samples which indicates that under visible light exposure the g-C3N4@MIL-125(Ti)/NF heterojunction achieved a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at just 86 and 173 mV overpotential for the HER and OER, respectively. Moreover, all the synthesized samples display significant stability and generate a constant current density up to 1000 cyles during water electrolysis performed at a constant applied potential 1.5 V.