Polymers (Basel). 2023 Jan 21;15(3):565. doi: 10.3390/polym15030565.
Cellulose is a renewable and environmentally friendly raw material that has an important economic and technical impact in several applications. Recently, nanocellulose (NC) presented a promising road to support the manufacturing of functional carbon fibers (CFs), which are considered superior materials for several applications because of their outstanding properties. However, the smooth and limited effective surface areas make CFs virtually useless in some applications, such as energy storage. Therefore, strategies to increase the porosity of CFs are highly desirable to realize their potential. Within this article, we present an approach that focuses on the designing of porous CF precursors using polyacrilonitrile (PAN) and NC additives using a wet spinning method. To enhance the porosity, two jet stretching (50% and 100%) and four NC additive amounts (0 wt.%, 0.1 wt.%, 0.4 wt.% and 0.8 wt.%) have been applied and investigated. In comparison with the reference PAN fibers (without NC additives and stretching), the results showed an increase in specific surface area from 10.45 m2/g to 138.53 m2/g and in total pore volume from 0.03 cm3/g to 0.49 cm3/g. On the other hand, mechanical properties have been affected negatively by NC additives and the stretching process. Stabilization and carbonization processes could be applied in a future study to support the production of multifunctional porous CF.
PMID:36771866 | PMC:PMC9920794 | DOI:10.3390/polym15030565