RSC Adv. 2023 Aug 9;13(34):23829-23840. doi: 10.1039/d3ra04495e. eCollection 2023 Aug 4.
Catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are at the heart of water oxidation reactions. Despite continuous efforts, the development of OER/HER electrocatalysts with high activity at low cost remains a big challenge. Herein, we report a composite material consisting of Li1.05Ni0.5Mn1.5O4, Li1.05Ni0.5 La0.10Mn1.40O4, and Li1.05Ni0.5 Nd0.10Mn1.40O4 as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for OER and HER applications. Though the catalyst has a modest activity for HER, it exhibits high OER activity thereby making it a better nonprecious electrocatalyst for both OER and HER. The catalytic activity arises from the synergetic effects between LNM-La and LNM-Nd by a facile route that shows excellent and durable bifunctional catalytic activity for OER and HER in the alkaline medium developed. The LNM, LNM-La, and, LNM-Nd displayed current densities of 2.17 V, 1.68 V, and 1.93 V vs. RHE at 10 mA cm-2 respectively. The Tafel slope values obtained for LNM, LNM-La, and LNM-Nd are about 419 mV dec-1, 118 mV dec-1, and 378 mV dec-1 respectively. These results indicate the superior electrocatalytic activity of LNM-La with facile OER kinetics.