Development of sustainable strontium ferrite graphene nanocomposite for highly effective catalysis and antimicrobial activity

Sci Rep. 2023 Apr 24;13(1):6678. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-33901-w.


Graphene oxide (GO) has layered structure with carbon atoms that are highly coated with oxygen-containing groups, increasing the interlayer distance while simultaneously making hydrophilic atomic-thick layers. It is exfoliated sheets that only have one or a few layers of carbon atoms. In our work, Strontium Ferrite Graphene Composite (SF@GOC) has been synthesized and thoroughly characterized by physico-chemical methods like XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, TEM, AFM, TGA and Nitrogen adsorption desorption analysis. A very few catalysts have been manufactured so far that are capable of degrading Eosin-Y and Orange (II) dyes in water by heterogeneous catalytic method. The current study offers an overview of the recyclable nanocomposite SF@GOC used in mild reaction conditions to breakdown the hazardous water pollutant dyes Eosin-Y (96.2%) and Orange (II) (98.7%). The leaching experiment has demonstrated that the use of the transition metals strontium and iron have not result in any secondary contamination. Moreover, antibacterial and antifungal assay have been investigated. SF@GOC has shown greater activity with bacterial and fungal species while compared with GO. FESEM analysis shows that the bactericidal mechanism for SF@GOC is same in both gram-negative bacteria. The difference in the antifungal activity among the candida strains can be correlated with the movement of ions release (slower and faster) of synthesized nanoscrolls in SF@GOC. In comparison to previous reports, this new environmentally safe and novel catalyst showed substantial degrading activity. It can also be applied to new multifunctional processes such as in the fields of composite materials, solar energy, heterogeneous catalysis and biomedical applications.

PMID:37095200 | PMC:PMC10126001 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-33901-w


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