Dietary Compliance and Quality of Life in Celiac Disease: A Long-Term Follow-Up of Primary School Screening-Detected Patients

Front Pediatr. 2021 Dec 21;9:787938. doi: 10.3389/fped.2021.787938. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

Background: Whether the diagnostic approach for celiac disease (CD) can really affect quality of life (QoL) and dietary compliance remains controversial. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate QoL and compliance to gluten-free diet (GFD) in adolescents/young adults diagnosed with CD through a screening strategy during childhood compared to age-matched CD patients diagnosed by case-finding and to assess whether follow-up at a referral center for CD influences compliance and QoL. Materials and Methods: Thirty-seven CD patients who were diagnosed by screening programs (SC-group) and 38 age-matched CD patients diagnosed due to symptoms (CF-group) were enrolled. Patients were asked to answer a questionnaire on QoL, dietary compliance, and follow-up care for CD. Results: Twenty-nine patients of the SC-group (median age 18.0 years, interquartile range [IQR] 16.0-19.0) and 31 patients of the CF-group (median age 17.0 years, IQR 15.5-18.0) completed the questionnaire. No significant difference relating adherence to the GFD and QoL was shown between the two groups. The majority (93.5%) of CF-group regularly had annual follow-up at a referral center compared to 37.9% of the SC-group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The diagnostic strategy does not seem to impact QoL and dietary compliance. However, implementation of follow-up might still be necessary for patients identified through screening.

PMID:34993165 | PMC:PMC8724911 | DOI:10.3389/fped.2021.787938

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