RSC Adv. 2023 Sep 1;13(37):25989-26000. doi: 10.1039/d3ra03018k. eCollection 2023 Aug 29.
The copper-cerium binary oxide catalysts supported by titanium dioxide with nanosphere core-shell structures, nanotube (TNT) core-shell structures, impregnation (imp) nanoparticles and sol-gel nanoparticles were prepared for NH3-SCR of NOx under medium-low temperature conditions. The effect of different morphologies on the Cu-Ce/TiO2 catalysts was comprehensively studied through physicochemical characterization. The results showed that the sol-gel nanoparticles exhibited 100% NOx reduction efficiency in the temperature range of 180-400 °C. Compared with the other catalysts, the sol-gel nanoparticle catalyst had the highest dispersion and lowest crystallinity, indicating that morphology played an important role in the NH3-SCR of the catalyst. The in situ DRIFTS study on the sol-gel nanoparticle catalyst shows that cerium could promote Cu2+ to produce abundant Lewis acid sites, which would significantly increase the adsorption reaction of ammonia on the catalyst surface, thereby promoting the occurrence of the Eley-Rideal (E-R) mechanism. With the Ce-Ti interaction on the atomic scale, the Ce-O-Ti structure enhanced the redox properties at a medium temperature. In addition, cerium oxide enhances the strong interaction between the catalyst matrix and CuO particles. Therefore, the reducibility of the CuO species was enhanced.