Dissipative biocatalytic cascades and gated transient biocatalytic cascades driven by nucleic acid networks

Sci Adv. 2022 May 6;8(18):eabn3534. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abn3534. Epub 2022 May 6.

ABSTRACT

Living systems consist of complex transient cellular networks guiding structural, catalytic, and switchable functions driven by auxiliary triggers, such as chemical or light energy inputs. We introduce two different transient, dissipative, biocatalytic cascades, the coupled glucose oxidase (GOx)/horseradish peroxidase (HRP) glucose-driven oxidation of 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS2-) to the radical anion (ABTS•-) and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) lactate-driven reduction of NAD+ to NADH. The transient biocatalytic systems are driven by nucleic acid reaction modules using a nucleic acid fuel strand L1′ and a nicking enzyme, Nt.BbvCI, as fuel-degrading catalyst, leading to the dynamic spatiotemporal transient formation of structurally proximate biocatalysts activating the biocatalytic cascades and transient coupled processes, including the generation of chemiluminescence and the synthesis of alanine. Subjecting the mixture of biocatalysts to selective inhibitors allows the gated transient operation of the biocatalysts. The kinetics of transient biocatalytic cascades are accompanied by kinetic models and computational simulations.

PMID:35522744 | DOI:10.1126/sciadv.abn3534

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