ACS Cent Sci. 2022 May 25;8(5):546-561. doi: 10.1021/acscentsci.1c01556. Epub 2022 Apr 27.
The long-term prevention of biofilm formation on the surface of indwelling medical devices remains a challenge. Silver has been reutilized in recent years for combating biofilm formation due to its indisputable bactericidal potency; however, the toxicity, low stability, and short-term activity of the current silver coatings have limited their use. Here, we report the development of silver-based film-forming antibacterial engineered (SAFE) assemblies for the generation of durable lubricous antibiofilm surface long-term activity without silver toxicity that was applicable to diverse materials via a highly scalable dip/spray/solution-skinning process. The SAFE coating was obtained through a large-scale screening, resulting in effective incorporation of silver nanoparticles (∼10 nm) into a stable nonsticky coating with high surface hierarchy and coverage, which guaranteed sustained silver release. The lead coating showed zero bacterial adhesion over a 1 month experiment in the presence of a high load of diverse bacteria, including difficult-to-kill and stone-forming strains. The SAFE coating showed high biocompatibility and excellent antibiofilm activity in vivo.