Dynamic Electrochemical Interfaces for Energy Conversion and Storage

JACS Au. 2022 Oct 5;2(10):2222-2234. doi: 10.1021/jacsau.2c00385. eCollection 2022 Oct 24.

ABSTRACT

Electrochemical energy conversion and storage are central to developing future renewable energy systems. For efficient energy utilization, both the performance and stability of electrochemical systems should be optimized in terms of the electrochemical interface. To achieve this goal, it is imperative to understand how a tailored electrode structure and electrolyte speciation can modify the electrochemical interface structure to improve its properties. However, most approaches describe the electrochemical interface in a static or frozen state. Although a simple static model has long been adopted to describe the electrochemical interface, atomic and molecular level pictures of the interface structure should be represented more dynamically to understand the key interactions. From this perspective, we highlight the importance of understanding the dynamics within an electrochemical interface in the process of designing highly functional and robust energy conversion and storage systems. For this purpose, we explore three unique classes of dynamic electrochemical interfaces: self-healing, active-site-hosted, and redox-mediated interfaces. These three cases of dynamic electrochemical interfaces focusing on active site regeneration collectively suggest that our understanding of electrochemical systems should not be limited to static models but instead expanded toward dynamic ones with close interactions between the electrode surface, dissolved active sites, soluble species, and reactants in the electrolyte. Only when we begin to comprehend the fundamentals of these dynamics through operando analyses can electrochemical conversion and storage systems be advanced to their full potential.

PMID:36311833 | PMC:PMC9597595 | DOI:10.1021/jacsau.2c00385

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