Dynamic self-assembly of supramolecular catalysts from precision macromolecules

Chem Sci. 2023 Aug 16;14(35):9283-9292. doi: 10.1039/d3sc03133k. eCollection 2023 Sep 13.


We show the emergence of strong catalytic activity at low concentrations in dynamic libraries of complementary sequence-defined oligomeric chains comprising pendant functional catalytic groups and terminal recognition units. In solution, the dynamic constitutional library created from pairs of such complementary oligomers comprises free oligomers, self-assembled di(oligomeric) macrocycles, and a virtually infinite collection of linear poly(oligomeric) chains. We demonstrate, on an exemplary catalytic system requiring the cooperation of no less than five chemical groups, that supramolecular di(oligomeric) macrocycles exhibit a catalytic turnover frequency ca. 20 times larger than the whole collection of linear poly(oligomers) and free chains. Molecular dynamics simulations and network analysis indicate that self-assembled supramolecular di(oligomeric) macrocycles are stabilized by different interactions, among which chain end pairing. We mathematically model the catalytic properties of such complex dynamic libraries with a small set of physically relevant parameters, which provides guidelines for the synthesis of oligomers capable to self-assemble into functionally-active supramolecular macrocycles over a larger range of concentrations.

PMID:37712032 | PMC:PMC10498719 | DOI:10.1039/d3sc03133k


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