Effect of mixing oak leaf biomass with soil on cadmium toxicity and translocation in tomato genotypes

Heliyon. 2023 Jul 25;9(8):e18660. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e18660. eCollection 2023 Aug.


The environmental non-element cadmium (Cd) is toxic to all forms of life, and it also has a negative impact on plant development and growth. In order to ascertain the effects of cadmium on tomato growth and the function of oak leaf biomass in the reduction of toxicity and translocation of cadmium in different parts of tomato genotypes, two tolerant and two sensitive tomato genotypes were exposed to cadmium stress through the availability or unavailability of oak leaf biomass. The experiment involved two factors. The first factor was the various treatment levels, including soil without Cd treatment and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) oak leaf biomass pretreatment (COC-control), soil with Cd treatment and without NaOH oak leaf biomass pretreatment (CdC), and soil with Cd treatment and NaOH oak leaf biomass pretreatment (CdOBC). The second element consists of four tomato genotypes. Comparing to control conditions, all tomato genotypes spotted significant reductions in all morphological traits under Cd stress in the presence or absence of NaOH oak leaf pretreatment. Related to CdC conditions, root length, shoot length, root fresh weight per plant, shoot fresh weight per plant, root dry weight per plant, shoot dry weight per plant, and total fruit weight per plant were significantly improved by 4.25%, 9.75%, 23.24%, 10.10%, 28.10%, 9.08%, and 4.61%, respectively, under the availability of pretreatment of oak leaf biomass. The tolerant genotypes (Karazi and Sirin) exhibited the greatest increase in all traits evaluated, with the exception of root length, under the CdOBC condition compared to the CdC statement. Significant increases in leaf biochemical parameters were seen with the availability or absence of NaOH pretreatment of oak leaf biomass in the soil. The maximum values of proline content, soluble sugar content, antioxidant activity, and guaiacol peroxidase were stated in the presence of oak biomass under Cd conditions (CdOBC), with mean values of 1772.46 μg g -1, 687.18 μg g -1, 1025.74 μg g -1-, and 0.43 units min -1 g -1, respectively. The in vitro-tolerant genotypes exhibited the maximum values of all biochemical parameters. The concentration of cadmium in the studied tomato genotypes revealed that cadmium accumulated more in the roots than other parts. According to these outcomes, NaOH pretreatment of oak leaf biomass can be employed to diminish the hazard of cadmium absorption by edible parts.

PMID:37576240 | PMC:PMC10413071 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e18660


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