ACS Omega. 2022 Sep 29;7(40):36028-36036. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c05361. eCollection 2022 Oct 11.
For the first time, an eco-friendly and efficient one-pot green multicomponent approach has been described to synthesize functionalized trans-2,3-dihydrofuro[3,2-c]coumarins (DHFCs). In this synthesis, imidazole and water were used as the catalyst and solvent, respectively, under mild conditions. Applications of the developed catalytic process in a water medium revealed the outstanding activity, productivity, and broad functional group tolerance, affording a series of newly designed DHFC and derivatives in excellent yields (72-98%). Moreover, the human serum albumin (HSA) binding ability of the synthesized DHFC derivatives has been uncovered through the detailed in silico and in vitro-based structure-activity analysis. The ability to bind HSA, the most abundant serum protein, in the low micromolar ranges unequivocally reflects the suitable absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination profile of the synthesized compounds, which may further be envisaged for their therapeutic usage endeavors.