J Pers Med. 2022 Nov 7;12(11):1860. doi: 10.3390/jpm12111860.
Instantaneous input dynamic range (IIDR), as defined by Cochlear Ltd. (Sydney, Australia), refers to the acoustic level of short-term input dynamic range (IDR). Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of expanding IIDR to improve speech understanding. We enrolled 11 unilateral Cochlear Ltd. patients with post-lingual hearing loss. The two types of IIDR settings (T-SPL/C-SPL of 25/65 dB (default IIDR) and 25/80 dB (wide IIDR)) were blindly assigned, and only one IIDR setting selected according to their preference was used for at least three months. Each IIDR group was evaluated with both default and wide IIDR conditions using the recorded word and sentence test materials of the Japanese CD speech discrimination scoring system (CI-2004 test) in quiet and noise with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of +10 dB, presented at 65/80 dB SPL. Wide IIDR significantly improved speech perception in all tests, except for sentences in quiet conditions at a presentation level of 65 dB. Improvements during loud conversations in noisy environments were obtained without any adaptation period. Wide IIDR should become a new individual configuration setting method in Cochlear Ltd. devices to improve hearing in loud conversations and noisy environments.