J Phys Ther Sci. 2023 Jan;35(1):55-59. doi: 10.1589/jpts.35.55. Epub 2023 Jan 1.
[Purpose] This study evaluated the effect of low-level laser therapy on inflammatory signs in an arthritis rat model as a foundation for elucidating the mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effect. [Materials and Methods] Eigteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups: group I (arthritis without low-level laser therapy), group II (arthritis with low-level laser therapy), and the control group (sham arthritis control). Arthritis was induced in the right knee by injecting a mixture of kaolin and carrageenan. Low-level laser therapy was continued for seven days after the onset of arthritis by 60 times of repeated irradiation for 10 seconds in the right knee joint area. The joint transverse diameter, pressure pain threshold in the affected knee joint, and mechanical paw withdrawal threshold at the distant site were evaluated the day before the injection and one, three, and seven days after the injection. Pathological changes were observed. [Results] Group II showed better improvement in swelling and pain in the affected knee joint and secondary hyperalgesia at the distance site when compared to group I. In group II, there was only mild infiltration of synovial cells, and the progression of arthritis was suppressed compared with that of group I. [Conclusion] Low-level laser therapy can mitigate swelling and inflammatory pain in the affected knee joint and prevent secondary hyperalgesia.