Nat Commun. 2023 Feb 8;14(1):695. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36328-z.
The role of combination chemotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) (ICI-chemo) over ICI monotherapy (ICI-mono) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains underexplored. In this retrospective study of 1133 NSCLC patients, treatment with ICI-mono vs ICI-chemo associate with higher rates of early progression, but similar long-term progression-free and overall survival. Sequential vs concurrent ICI and chemotherapy have similar long-term survival, suggesting no synergism from combination therapy. Integrative modeling identified PD-L1, disease burden (Stage IVb; liver metastases), and STK11 and JAK2 alterations as features associate with a higher likelihood of early progression on ICI-mono. CDKN2A alterations associate with worse long-term outcomes in ICI-chemo patients. These results are validated in independent external (n = 89) and internal (n = 393) cohorts. This real-world study suggests that ICI-chemo may protect against early progression but does not influence overall survival, and nominates features that identify those patients at risk for early progression who may maximally benefit from ICI-chemo.
PMID:36755027 | PMC:PMC9908867 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-023-36328-z