Efficacy and Safety of Ablative CO2 Fractional Laser and Narrowband Intense Pulsed Light for the Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial

J Dermatolog Treat. 2023 Apr 18:1-11. doi: 10.1080/09546634.2023.2202287. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hypertrophic scarring is a complex process, and numerous methods have been introduced to treat scars. This study aims to evaluate the effect of combined CO2 fractional laser and narrowband intense pulsed light (IPL) compared to IPL alone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized controlled study enrolled 138 patients with hypertrophic scars. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: CO2-IPL and IPL group, and received three sessions at 10-14-week intervals for 3-month follow-up. Two independent plastic surgeons evaluated the treatments using the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scales (POSAS). Overall satisfaction was evaluated using the Patient Satisfaction Scale (PSS).

RESULTS: 101 subjects completed the study. Compared to single IPL, the combination CO2-IPL group showed a significant improvement in itching, color, stiffness, thickness, and irregularity, except for pain, and an enhancement in vascularization, pigmentation, thickness, relief, and pliability of the scar, assessed by POSAS (p < 0.01). 100% patients in the combination group were satisfied compared to 84% in IPL alone.

CONCLUSION: The combination of CO2 fractional laser and narrowband IPL efficiently improved the appearance and profile of hypertrophic scars, offering a comprehensive and reliable approach for scar therapy.

PMID:37070799 | DOI:10.1080/09546634.2023.2202287


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