Efficiency analysis of commercial polymeric membranes for bone regeneration in rat cranial defects

Acta Cir Bras. 2023 Mar 6;38:e380623. doi: 10.1590/acb380623. eCollection 2023.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo efficiency of commercial polymeric membranes for guided bone regeneration.

METHODS: Rat calvarial critical size defects was treated with LuminaCoat (LC), Surgitime PTFE (SP), GenDerm (GD), Pratix (PR), Techgraft (TG) or control (C-) and histomorphometric analysis determined the percentage of new bone, connective tissue and biomaterial at 1 or 3 months. Statistical analysis used ANOVA with Tukey’s post-test for means at same experimental time and the paired Student’s t test between the two periods, considering p < 0.05.

RESULTS: New bone at 1 month was higher for SP, TG and C-, at 3 months there were no differences, and between 1 and 3 months PR had greater increase growthing. Connective tissue at 1 month was higher for C-, at 3 months for PR, TG and C-, and between 1 and 3 months C- had sharp decline. Biomaterial at 1 month was higher for LC, in 3 months for SP and TG, and between 1 and 3 months, LC, GD and TG had more decreasing mean.

CONCLUSIONS: SP had greater osteopromotive capacity and limitation of connective ingrowth, but did not exhibit degradation. PR and TG had favorable osteopromotion, LC less connective tissue and GD more accelerated biodegradation.

PMID:36888756 | DOI:10.1590/acb380623

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