Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10338. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-14341-4.
In this study, metal-organic framework based on molybdenum and piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was synthesized through a simple solvothermal method and employed as an effective catalyst for biodiesel production from oleic acid and palmitic acid via esterification reaction. The prepared catalyst was characterized by XRD, FTIR, TGA, DSC, BET, SEM, TEM, ICP-OES, X-ray mapping and EDX analysis. The resulting Mo-MOF catalyst exhibit a rod-like morphology, specific surface area of 56 m2/g, and thermal stability up to 300 °C. The solid catalyst exhibited high activities for esterification of oleic acid and palmitic acid. Moreover, the catalyst could be simply recovered and efficiently reutilized for several times without significant loss in its activity, also obtained results revealed that metal-organic framework could be used for the appropriate and rapid biodiesel production.