RSC Adv. 2022 Jul 21;12(33):21026-21040. doi: 10.1039/d2ra03511a. eCollection 2022 Jul 21.
Magnetic graphene oxide (MGO) was prepared and used as a catalyst to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for degradation of Coomassie brilliant blue G250 (CBB). The effects of operation conditions including MGO dosage, PMS dosage and initial concentration of CBB were studied. CBB removal could reach 99.5% under optimum conditions, and high removals of 98.4-99.9% were also achieved for other organic dyes with varied structures, verifying the high efficiency and wide applicability of the MGO/PMS catalytic system. The effects of environmental factors including solution pH, inorganic ions and water matrices were also investigated. Reusability test showed that CBB removals maintained above 90% in five consecutive runs, indicating the acceptable recyclability of MGO. Based on quenching experiments, solvent exchange (H2O to D2O) and in situ open circuit potential (OCP) test, it was found that ˙OH, SO4˙- and high-valent iron species were responsible for the efficient degradation of CBB in the MGO/PMS system, while the contributions of O2˙-, 1O2 and the non-radical electron-transfer pathway were limited. Furthermore, the plausible degradation pathway of CBB was proposed based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) results, and toxicity variation in the degradation process was evaluated by computerized structure-activity relationships (SARs) using green algae, daphnia, and fish as indicator species.