Efficient photo-Fenton catalysis using magnetic iron nanoparticles decorated boron nitride quantum dots: theoretical and experimental investigations

RSC Adv. 2023 Feb 27;13(10):6779-6792. doi: 10.1039/d3ra00234a. eCollection 2023 Feb 21.


To achieve the efficient removal of pharmaceutical wastes, novel photo-Fenton catalysts, iron-decorated boron nitride quantum dots (Fe@BNQDs) were prepared. Fe@BNQDs were characterized using XRD, SEM-EDX, FTIR, and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The decoration of Fe on the surface of BNQDs enhanced the catalytic efficiency due to the photo-Fenton process. Photo-Fenton catalytic degradation of folic acid was investigated under UV and visible light. The influence of H2O2, catalyst dose, and temperature on the degradation yield of folic acid was investigated using Response Surface Methodology. Moreover, the efficiency of the photocatalysts and kinetics was investigated. Radical trapping experiments revealed that holes were the main dominant species in the photo-Fenton degradation mechanism and BNQDs played active roles because of their hole extraction ability. Additionally, active species such as e- and O2 -˙ have a medium effect. The computational simulation was utilized to provide insights into this fundamental process, and for this purpose, electronic and optical properties were calculated.

PMID:36860532 | PMC:PMC9969755 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra00234a


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