Efficient synthesis of primary and secondary amides via reacting esters with alkali metal amidoboranes

Nat Commun. 2021 Oct 13;12(1):5964. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-25836-5.

ABSTRACT

Amides are one of the most important organic compounds that are widely applied in medicine, biochemistry, and materials science. To find an efficient synthetic method of amides is a challenge for organic chemistry. We report here a facile synthesis method of primary and secondary amides through a direct amidation of esters with sodium amidoboranes (NaNHRBH3, R = H, Me), at room temperature without using catalysts and other reagents. This process is rapid and chemoselective, and features quantitative conversion and wide applicability for esters tolerating different functional groups. The experimental and theoretical studies reveal a reaction mechanism with nucleophilic addition followed by a swift proton transfer-induced elimination reaction.

PMID:34645807 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-021-25836-5

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