Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 5;13(1):14653. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-41840-9.
Advanced materials undergo a complex and lengthy process of maturation for scaling up and deployment, mainly due to the high cost of their precursors. Therefore, it is highly desirable to fabricate highly valuable advanced porous solid-state materials, with proven applicability, by sustainably combining organic and inorganic waste materials as precursors. This study successfully demonstrates the preparation of Cr-terephthalate Metal-Organic Frameworks (Cr-BDC MOFs) by combining metal salt and organic linker extracted from tannery effluent and waste plastic bottles. The waste from tanneries was used as the source of Cr(III), while terephthalic acid was obtained from the alkaline hydrolysis of plastic bottles. Appropriate extraction and assembly processes led to the functional Cr-BDC MOFs, MIL-101(Cr) and MIL-53(Cr). The prepared MOFs showed similar properties (surface area, hydrolytic and thermal stability, and water adsorption performance) to similar MOFs synthesized from pure commercial-grade precursors, as confirmed by N2 sorption, XRD, TGA, and water adsorption experiments. The advancements made in this study represent significant progress in overcoming the bottleneck of MOF production cost efficiency via applying sustainability principles and pave the way for easy scaling-up and maturation of MOF-based processes, for air dehumidification and water harvesting as a case study.