Sci Rep. 2022 Aug 11;12(1):13700. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-17992-5.
Leucojum aestivum is known for its ability to biosynthesize alkaloids with therapeutic properties, among which galanthamine used for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. New sources of this alkaloid are still being explored. In this study, a novel strain PLV of endophytic bacterium Paenibacillus lautus was isolated from in vitro L. aestivum plants. We report the whole genome sequence of that strain and its capacity to produce alkaloids and growth regulators. The effect of elicitation with autoclaved bacteria on the production of alkaloids was examined. Ten alkaloids were identified in bacteria extracts: galanthamine, lycorine, ismine, lycoramine, haemanthamine, tazettine, galanthine, homolycorine, 1,2-dihydrochlidanthine, and hippeastrine. The mean contents of galanthamine and lycorine were 37.51 µg/g of dry weight (DW) and 129.93 µg/g of DW, respectively. Moreover, isolated P. lautus strain synthesized: indole-3-acetic acid, t-zeatin, c-zeatin, kinetin, gibberellin A1, abscisic acid, salicylic acid, benzoic acid. In vitro elicitation of cultures with P. lautus increased dry biomass, stimulated galanthamine and lycorine production, contributed to 8,9-desmethylenebis (oxy)-7,9 dimethoxy-crinan biosynthesis, change pigments content, and antioxidant enzymes activities. Our findings for the first time point out that galanthamine can be synthesized by an microorganism. Moreover isolated strain can be used as a new elictor of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids biosynthesis.