Sci Rep. 2022 Aug 30;12(1):14735. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-18932-z.
The preparation of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) having many open metal sites is an excellent approach for the development of highly active MOF-based catalysts. Herein, well-defined rice-shaped MOF-74 microparticles having structural defects are prepared by incorporating two analogous organic linkers [2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-bezenedicarboxylic acid (DHBDC) and 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (HBDC)] within the MOF-74 structure. The replacement of some of DHBDC in MOF-74 by HBDC causes the structural defects (excluding some of the bridged hydroxyl groups), and these structural defects provide the additional open metal sites within MOF-74. Finally, the additional open metal sites within MOF-74 result in the enhanced catalytic activity for the cyanosilylation of several aldehydes. A series of MOF-74s is prepared with various incorporated amounts of HBDC, and the optimum ratio between DHBDC and HBDC in MOF-74 to achieving the best catalytic performance is determined. In addition, the defected MOF-74 displays an excellent recyclability for the catalytic reaction.