Heliyon. 2022 Nov 10;8(11):e11380. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11380. eCollection 2022 Nov.
Perovskite Solar Cells (PSCs) are the most promising candidates for low-cost and high-efficiency devices in the future photovoltaic market. PSCs are also used as the top cell in tandem devices with silicon bottom cells. However, research in PSCs is still at an early stage while racing towards a promising future. Along with experimental research, numerous simulation studies are conducted with PSCs aiming to analyze new materials and optimize their performance. Here, a wavelength-dependent model is implemented to account for the reflected part of irradiance from the cells, which is ignored in most SCAPS-1D based PSC simulated models. This model optimizes the MgF2 anti-reflective coating in SCAPS-1D simulation to allow maximum photons to pass inside the device. A simple structured PSC (MgF2/Glass/ITO/ZnO/CH3NH3PbI3/Spiro-OMeTAD/Au) is simulated and optimized optically as well as electrically with this model’s modified spectrum. The device was optimized for layer thickness, defects, and doping. Moreover, the effects of temperature and device resistances are discussed. The optimized device yields 21.62% power conversion efficiency, which can be further improved to reach over 25% through better processing schemes. Finally, the optimized device was compared with other devices having different ETL/absorber/HTL combinations and the pathway to achieving higher efficiencies was discussed. This article aims at improving the credibility of simulated devices by incorporating top surface reflection with electrical optimization.