Sci Rep. 2023 Aug 19;13(1):13523. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40676-7.
The Kidneys remove toxins from the blood and move waste products into the urine. However, the accumulation of toxins and fluids in the body leads to kidney failure. For example, the overuse of acrylamide and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) in many food and consumer products increases human exposure and risks; however, there are almost no studies available on the effect of TiO2NPs coadministration with acrylamide on the integrity of genomic and mitochondrial DNA. Accordingly, this study was conducted to estimate the integrity of genomic and mitochondrial DNA in the renal tissue of mice given acrylamide and TiO2NPs. To achieve this goal, mice were administrated orally TiO2NPs or/and acrylamide at the exposure dose levels (5 mg/kg b.w) and (3 mg/kg b.w), respectively, five times per week for two consecutive weeks. Concurrent oral administration of TiO2NPs with acrylamide caused remarkable elevations in the tail length, %DNA in tail and tail moment with higher fragmentation incidence of genomic DNA compared to those detected in the renal tissue of mice given TiO2NPs alone. Simultaneous coadministration of TiO2NPs with acrylamide also caused markedly high elevations in the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and p53 expression level along with a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and high decreases in the number of mitochondrial DNA copies and expression level of β catenin gene. Therefore, from these findings, we concluded that concurrent coadministration of acrylamide with TiO2NPs augmented TiO2NPs induced genomic DNA damage and mitochondrial dysfunction through increasing intracellular ROS generation, decreasing mitochondrial DNA Copy, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and altered p53 and β catenin genes expression. Therefore, further studies are recommended to understand the biological and toxic effects resulting from TiO2NPs with acrylamide coadministration.