Evaluation of Bioceramic Putty in Pulpotomy of Immature Permanent Molars With Symptoms of Irreversible Pulpitis

Cureus. 2022 Nov 22;14(11):e31806. doi: 10.7759/cureus.31806. eCollection 2022 Nov.

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of both mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and bioceramic putty (Well-Root PT) in the pulpotomy of immature permanent molars diagnosed with symptoms of irreversible pulpitis. Materials and methods The study included 30 immature permanent molars with symptoms of irreversible pulpitis in 30 healthy children aged six to eight years. They were randomly distributed into the following two groups according to the material used: group 1 included 15 first permanent molars capped by MTA and group 2 included 15 first permanent molars capped by bioceramic putty. Clinical and radiographical evaluations of the treatment results were made after one week, three months, six months, nine months, and 12 months. Results The success rate in the bioceramic putty group was 93.3% clinically and radiographically after a 12 months follow-up, whereas in the group that underwent MTA treatment no cases of failure were registered with a 100% success rate. No statistical differences were observed between groups (p=0.309). The dentin bridge was formed in 60% of the MTA group and 33.3% of the bioceramic group without any statistically significant differences (p=0.272) after a 12 months follow-up. Conclusion Pulpotomy using biocompatible materials (MTA and bioceramic putty) on immature permanent molars with symptoms of irreversible pulpitis is considered acceptable and effective.

PMID:36579231 | PMC:PMC9780416 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.31806

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