Evaluation of the antibacterial activities of face masks coated with titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 4;12(1):18739. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-23615-w.

ABSTRACT

To control infectious diseases, various applications of nanotechnology have been used to enhance the self-cleaning and antibacterial properties of materials. This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial properties of face masks coated with TiO2 nanoparticles. The antibacterial efficacies of cloth face masks coated with TiO2 were measured by inoculating them in bacterial suspensions (105 CFUs from both E. coli and S. aureus). The results showed that TiO2 nanoparticle solutions (at 2%) reduced the starting inoculum of 105 CFUs (5 log cfu/cm2) of E. coli and S. aureus to 1.3 and 1.68 log, respectively, with antibacterial activities of 3.7 and 3.34 log, respectively. Furthermore, at a 1% concentration, the antibacterial activities against E. coli and S. aureus were 2.1 and 2.01 log, respectively, while at a low concentration (0.5%), the antibacterial activities against E. coli and S. aureus were 1.8 and 1.72 log, respectively. The CFUs in all the experimental groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (saline). In conclusion, TiO2 nanoparticle solutions with a high concentration (2%) demonstrated a strong antibacterial effect on E. coli and S. aureus, and the difference was statistically significant, while a significant antibacterial activity was demonstrated with lower concentration (0.5% and 1%) nanoparticle solutions of TiO2 after 18 h. There was a statistically significant difference regarding colony reduction between E. coli and S. aureus even at 3 h. The antibacterial activities of TiO2 in face masks could be promising for reducing the risk of bacterial infections.

PMID:36333396 | PMC:PMC9636400 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-23615-w

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