Evolutionary change in metabolic rate of Daphnia pulicaria following invasion by the predator Bythotrephes longimanus

Ecol Evol. 2022 Jun 5;12(6):e9003. doi: 10.1002/ece3.9003. eCollection 2022 Jul.

ABSTRACT

Metabolic rate is a trait that may evolve in response to the direct and indirect effects of predator-induced mortality. Predators may indirectly alter selection by lowering prey densities and increasing resource availability or by intensifying resource limitation through changes in prey behavior (e.g., use of less productive areas). In the current study, we quantify the evolution of metabolic rate in the zooplankton Daphnia pulicaria following an invasive event by the predator Bythotrephes longimanus in Lake Mendota, Wisconsin, US. This invasion has been shown to dramatically impact D. pulicaria, causing a ~60% decline in their biomass. Using a resurrection ecology approach, we compared the metabolic rate of D. pulicaria clones originating prior to the Bythotrephes invasion with that of clones having evolved in the presence of Bythotrephes. We observed a 7.4% reduction in metabolic rate among post-invasive clones compared to pre-invasive clones and discuss the potential roles of direct and indirect selection in driving this change.

PMID:35784058 | PMC:PMC9168341 | DOI:10.1002/ece3.9003

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