Fabrication and applications of van der Waals heterostructures

The explosion of two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) with various unique properties provides basic building blocks for van der Waals heterostructures (vdWHs). The vdWHs integrated with various stacking alignments of 2DLMs exhibit many promising functionalities in diverse fields, including electronics, optoelectronics, thermoelectrics, sensing and energy conversion and storage. In addition, the accompanying novel physical phenomena in vdWHs make vdWHs a perfect platform for exploring condensed matter physics, especially in low-dimensional domains.


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