RSC Adv. 2023 May 22;13(23):15410-15415. doi: 10.1039/d3ra01539d. eCollection 2023 May 22.
Oxyhydrides are promising compounds as supports for ammonia synthesis catalysts because they suppress hydrogen poisoning on the catalyst surface and enhance the ammonia synthesis activity. Herein, we developed a facile method for preparing BaTiO2.5H0.5, a perovskite oxyhydride, on a TiH2 surface via the conventional wet impregnation method using TiH2 and Ba hydroxide. Scanning electron microscopy and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that BaTiO2.5H0.5 crystallized as nanoparticles of ca. 100-200 nm on the TiH2 surface. The Ru-loaded catalyst Ru/BaTiO2.5H0.5-TiH2 exhibited 2.46 times higher ammonia synthesis activity (3.05 mmol-NH3 g-1 h-1 at 400 °C) than the benchmark Ru catalyst Ru-Cs/MgO (1.24 mmol-NH3 g-1 h-1 at 400 °C) because of the suppression of hydrogen poisoning. The analysis of reaction orders showed that the effect of suppressing hydrogen poisoning on Ru/BaTiO2.5H0.5-TiH2 was equivalent to that of the reported Ru/BaTiO2.5H0.5 catalyst, thus supporting the formation of BaTiO2.5H0.5 perovskite oxyhydride. This study demonstrated that the selection of appropriate raw materials facilitates the formation of BaTiO2.5H0.5 oxyhydride nanoparticles on the TiH2 surface using the conventional synthesis method.
PMID:37223413 | PMC:PMC10201397 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra01539d