Facile one-pot synthesis of biomass-derived activated carbon as an interlayer material for a BAC/PE/Al2O3 dual coated separator in Li-S batteries

RSC Adv. 2023 Sep 12;13(39):27274-27282. doi: 10.1039/d3ra05891c. eCollection 2023 Sep 8.


Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSB) are an attractive alternative electrochemical energy storage device compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries due to their higher theoretical capacity and energy density. Despite these advantages, it is still difficult to commercialize LSB because of poor electrochemical performance caused by the dissolution of soluble lithium polysulfides (LiPS). To solve these critical issues, a multi-functional separator was prepared using biomass-derived activated carbon (BAC) and a ceramic layer on the polyethylene (PE) separator. For this purpose, BAC was synthesized by a facile one-pot synthesis method by a specifically designed furnace using various forms of milk waste. The multi-functional separator suppresses the effect of LiPS dissolution and increases the Li+ diffusion kinetics. BAC was able to absorb the LiPS shuttle, as confirmed by UV-vis measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). LSB cells assembled using this multi-functional separator show a higher discharge capacity of 1092.5 mA h g-1 at 0.1 C-rate, while commercial PE separators deliver a specific capacity of 811.8 mA h g-1. These novel separators were also able to suppress lithium dendrites during cycling. This work offers a novel and simple approach for streamlining the synthesis process of BAC and applying it to LSB, aiding in the development of sustainable energy sources.

PMID:37705990 | PMC:PMC10496033 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra05891c


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