Nanoscale Adv. 2023 Aug 29;5(18):4911-4924. doi: 10.1039/d3na00326d. eCollection 2023 Sep 12.
Triazoles are biologically important compounds that play a crucial role in biomedical applications. In this study, we present an innovative and eco-friendly nanocatalyst system for synthesizing compounds via the click reaction. The system is composed of Arabic gum (AG), iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4 MNPs), (3-chloropropyl) trimethoxysilane (CPTMS), 2-aminopyridine (AP), and Cu(i) ions. Using AP as an anchor for Cu(i) ions and Fe3O4 MNPs allows facile separation using an external magnet. The hydrophilic nature of the Fe3O4@AG/AP-Cu(i) nanocomposite makes it highly efficient in water as a green solvent. The highest reaction efficiency (95.0%) was achieved in H2O solvent with 50.0 mg of nanocatalyst for 60 min at room temperature. The reaction yield remained consistent for six runs, demonstrating the stability and effectiveness of the catalyst.