Fault-Level Grading of Photovoltaic Cells Employing Lightweight Deep Learning Models

Comput Intell Neurosci. 2023 Feb 7;2023:2663150. doi: 10.1155/2023/2663150. eCollection 2023.


The deployment of photovoltaic (PV) cells as a renewable energy resource has been boosted recently, which enhanced the need to develop an automatic and swift fault detection system for PV cells. Prior to isolation for repair or replacement, it is critical to judge the level of the fault that occurred in the PV cell. The aim of this research study is the fault-level grading of PV cells employing deep neural network models. The experiment is carried out using a publically available dataset of 2,624 electroluminescence images of PV cells, which are labeled with four distinct defect probabilities defined as the defect levels. The deep architectures of the classical artificial neural networks are developed while employing hand-crafted texture features extracted from the EL image data. Moreover, optimized architectures of the convolutional neural network are developed with a specific emphasis on lightweight models for real-time processing. The experiments are performed for two-way binary classification and multiclass classification. For the first binary categorization, the proposed CNN model outperformed the state-of-the-art solution with a margin of 1.3% in accuracy with a significant 50% less computational complexity. In the second binary classification task, the CPU-based proposed model outperformed the GPU-based solution with a margin of 0.9% accuracy with an 8× lighter architecture. Finally, the multiclass categorization of PV cells is performed and the state-of-the-art results with 83.5% accuracy are achieved. The proposed models offer a lightweight, efficient, and computationally cheaper CPU-based solution for the real-time fault-level categorization of PV cells.

PMID:36798945 | PMC:PMC9928505 | DOI:10.1155/2023/2663150


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