Fe/N codoped porous graphitic carbon derived from macadamia shells as an efficient cathode oxygen reduction catalyst in microbial fuel cells

RSC Adv. 2022 Oct 24;12(46):30145-30156. doi: 10.1039/d2ra04214b. eCollection 2022 Oct 17.

ABSTRACT

In this study, Fe/N codoped porous graphitic carbon derived from macadamia shells was prepared at different temperatures as cathodic catalysts for microbial fuel cells (MFCs), with K2FeO4 as a bifunctional catalyst for porosity and graphitization. The catalyst prepared at 750 °C (referred to as MSAC-750) showed a large specific surface area (1670.3 m2 g-1), graphite structure, and high pyridine-N and Fe-N X contents. Through the electrochemical workstation test, MSAC-750 shows excellent oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity, with an onset potential of 0.172 V and a half-wave potential of -0.028 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in a neutral medium, and the ORR electron transfer number is 3.89. When applied to the MFCs as cathodic catalysts, a higher maximum power density and voltage of 378.68 mW m-2 and 0.425 V were achieved with the MSAC-750 catalyst and is superior to that of the Pt/C catalyst (300.85 mW m-2 and 0.402 V). In this case, a promising method is hereby established for the preparation of an excellent electrochemical catalyst for microbial fuel cells using inexpensive and easily available macadamia shells.

PMID:36329934 | PMC:PMC9589823 | DOI:10.1039/d2ra04214b

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