Fe-phthalocyanine derived highly conjugated 2D covalent organic framework as superior electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction

Discov Nano. 2023 Sep 4;18(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s11671-023-03890-w.

ABSTRACT

Although porphyry systems like metallo-phthalocynine are recognized as promising molecular models for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), their poor durability and methanol tolerance are still challenges and need improvement before being considered for practical applications. Herein, we successfully designed and constructed a Fe-phthalocyanine-derived highly conjugated 2D covalent organic framework (2D FePc-COF), using octa-amino-Fe-phthalocyanine (OA-FePc) and cyclohexanone as precursors. The prepared 2D FePc-COF was characterized via multiple analytic techniques. The electrochemical studies indicated that prepared 2D FePc-COF was far more superior to OA-FePc and 20% Pt/C, displaying anodic shift of 100 and 50 mV (vs RHE) in formal potential, respectively. Moreover, this catalyst also demonstrated excellent methanol tolerance and durability (over 10,000 CV cycles). Theoretical investigations revealed that due to extended conjugation and elimination of electron donating groups (-NH2), the shifting of dz2-orbital (Fe) energy took nearer to π*-orbital (O2), allowing optimum coupling of both the orbitals, thereby enhancing 4e- ORR. This work demonstrates the art of molecular design, aiming at improving catalytic activity of macrocyclic molecular systems towards ORR.

PMID:37665422 | PMC:PMC10477159 | DOI:10.1186/s11671-023-03890-w

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