Fermentation of D-xylose to Ethanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 Recombinant Strains

Bioenergy Res. 2022 Oct 6:1-12. doi: 10.1007/s12155-022-10514-1. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Ethanol production by the D-xylose fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass would augment environmental sustainability by increasing the yield of biofuel obtained per cultivated area. A set of recombinant strains derived from the industrial strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 was developed for this purpose. First, two recombinant strains were obtained by the chromosomal insertion of genes involved in the assimilation and transport of D-xylose (Gal2-N376F). Strain CAT-1-XRT was developed with heterologous genes for D-xylose metabolism from the oxo-reductive pathway of Scheffersomyces stipitis (XYL1-K270R, XYL2); and strain CAT-1-XIT, with D-xylose isomerase (xylA gene, XI) from Streptomyces coelicolor. Moreover, both recombinant strains contained extra copies of homologous genes for xylulose kinase (XK) and transaldolase (TAL1). Furthermore, plasmid (pRS42K::XI) was constructed with xylA from Piromyces sp. transferred to CAT-1, CAT-1-XRT, and CAT-1-XIT, followed by an evolution protocol. After 10 subcultures, CAT-1-XIT (pRS42K::XI) consumed 74% of D-xylose, producing 12.6 g/L ethanol (0.31 g ethanol/g D-xylose). The results of this study show that CAT-1-XIT (pRS42K::XI) is a promising recombinant strain for the efficient utilization of D-xylose to produce ethanol from lignocellulosic materials.

PMID:36248719 | PMC:PMC9540035 | DOI:10.1007/s12155-022-10514-1

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