J Environ Public Health. 2023 Jan 30;2023:8307957. doi: 10.1155/2023/8307957. eCollection 2023.
Treating wastewater and reusing it have become normal in the present era since the scarcity of fresh water prevails in many parts of the world. There are numerous techniques for treating domestic wastewater, and many have been explored to advance the ones already in use. This study is taken up to explore the new technology called fluidized immobilized carbon catalytic oxidation (FICCO). Usually, both organic and inorganic materials are present in residential wastewater. In this study, catalyst-activated carbon produced from rice husk is added to a FICCO reactor to test the effectiveness of decreasing organic contaminants in wastewater. Six FICCO models were fabricated in this research study, and tests were conducted. The effectiveness of COD and BOD removal was investigated using six FICCO models with activated carbon made from rice husk as a catalyst and presented in this paper. The FICCO reactor was also used to treat organic contaminants such as surfactants, starch, oil, and protein with rice husk as activated carbon as a catalyst. Organic pollutants used the FICCO reactor; COD removal varied from 75.6% to 92.4%, BOD removal ranged from 74.9% to 89.5% at the optimum contact time, and catalyst rice husk-activated carbon application. The optimum catalyst dosage was 12 g per 620 ml of wastewater, which is the capacity of each reactor and a substantial reduction in sludge.
PMID:36755780 | PMC:PMC9902157 | DOI:10.1155/2023/8307957