Formation of Ba3Nb0.75Mn2.25O9-6H during thermo-chemical reduction of Ba4NbMn3O12-12R

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun. 2023 Apr 14;79(Pt 5):469-473. doi: 10.1107/S2056989023003213. eCollection 2023 Apr 1.


The resurgence of inter-est in hydrogen-related technologies has stimulated new studies aimed at advancing lesser-developed water-splitting processes, such as solar thermochemical hydrogen production (STCH). Progress in STCH has been largely hindered by a lack of new materials able to efficiently split water at a rate comparable to ceria under identical experimental conditions. BaCe0.25Mn0.75O3 (BCM) recently demonstrated enhanced hydrogen production over ceria and has the potential to further our understanding of two-step thermochemical cycles. A significant feature of the 12R hexa-gonal perovskite structure of BCM is the tendency to, in part, form a 6H polytype at high temperatures and reducing environments (i.e., during the first step of the thermochemical cycle), which may serve to mitigate degradation of the complex oxide. An analogous compound, namely BaNb0.25Mn0.75O3 (BNM) with a 12R structure was synthesized and displays nearly complete conversion to the 6H structure under identical reaction conditions as BCM. The structure of the BNM-6H polytype was determined from Rietveld refinement of synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data and is presented within the context of the previously established BCM-6H structure.

PMID:37151825 | PMC:PMC10162086 | DOI:10.1107/S2056989023003213


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