Free-breathing, Contrast Agent-free Whole-Heart MTC-BOOST Imaging: Single-Center Validation Study in Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging. 2023 Feb 16;5(1):e220146. doi: 10.1148/ryct.220146. eCollection 2023 Feb.


PURPOSE: To assess the clinical performance of the three-dimensional, free-breathing, Magnetization Transfer Contrast Bright-and-black blOOd phase-SensiTive (MTC-BOOST) sequence in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, participants with ACHD undergoing cardiac MRI between July 2020 and March 2021 were scanned with the clinical T2-prepared balanced steady-state free precession sequence and proposed MTC-BOOST sequence. Four cardiologists scored their diagnostic confidence on a four-point Likert scale for sequential segmental analysis on images acquired with each sequence. Scan times and diagnostic confidence were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. Coaxial vascular dimensions at three anatomic landmarks were measured, and agreement between the research sequence and the corresponding clinical sequence was assessed with Bland-Altman analysis.

RESULTS: The study included 120 participants (mean age, 33 years ± 13 [SD]; 65 men). The mean acquisition time of the MTC-BOOST sequence was significantly lower compared with that of the conventional clinical sequence (9 minutes ± 2 vs 14 minutes ± 5; P < .001). Diagnostic confidence was higher for the MTC-BOOST sequence compared with the clinical sequence (mean, 3.9 ± 0.3 vs 3.4 ± 0.7; P < .001). Narrow limits of agreement and mean bias less than 0.08 cm were found between the research and clinical vascular measurements.

CONCLUSION: The MTC-BOOST sequence provided efficient, high-quality, and contrast agent-free three-dimensional whole-heart imaging in ACHD, with shorter, more predictable acquisition time and improved diagnostic confidence compared with the reference standard clinical sequence.Keywords: MR Angiography, Cardiac Supplemental material is available for this article. Published under a CC BY 4.0 license.

PMID:36860831 | PMC:PMC9969217 | DOI:10.1148/ryct.220146


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