Frequency and Temperature-Dependent Space Charge Characteristics of a Solid Polymer under Unipolar Electrical Stresses of Different Waveforms

Polymers (Basel). 2021 Oct 3;13(19):3401. doi: 10.3390/polym13193401.

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we studied the space charge phenomena of a solid polymer under thermal and electrical stresses with different frequencies and waveforms. By analyzing the parameter selection method of a protection capacitor and resistor, the newly built pulsed electro-acoustic (PEA) system can be used for special electrical stresses under 500 Hz, based on which the charge phenomena are studied in detail under positive and negative DC and half-wave sine and rectangular wave voltages. Experimental results show that the charge accumulated in the polyimide polymer under DC conditions mainly comes from the grounded electrode side, and the amount of charge accumulated with electric field distortion becomes larger in a high-temperature environment. At room temperature, positive charges tend to accumulate in low-frequency conditions under positive rectangular wave voltages, while they easily appear under high-frequency situations of negative ones. In contrast, the maximum electric field distortion and charge accumulation under both half-wave sine voltages occur at 10 Hz. When the measurement temperature increases, the accumulated positive charge decreases, with a more negative charge appearing under rectangular wave voltages, while a more positive charge accumulates at different frequencies of half-wave sine voltages. Therefore, our study of the charge characteristics under different voltage and temperature conditions can provide a reference for applications in the corresponding environments.

PMID:34641216 | PMC:PMC8512262 | DOI:10.3390/polym13193401

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