From ethene to propene (ETP) on tailored silica-alumina supports with isolated Ni(ii) sites: uncovering the importance of surface nickel aluminate sites and the carbon-pool mechanism

Catal Sci Technol. 2022 Aug 31;12(19):5861-5868. doi: 10.1039/d2cy01272c. eCollection 2022 Oct 3.

ABSTRACT

Catalysts with well-defined isolated Ni(ii) surface sites have been prepared on three silica-based supports. The outer shells of the support were comprised either of an amorphous aluminosilicate or amorphous alumina (AlO x ) layer – associated with a high and low density of strong Brønsted acid sites (BAS), respectively. When tested for ethene-to-propene conversion, Ni catalysts with a higher density of strong BAS demonstrate a higher initial activity and productivity to propene. On all three catalysts, the propene productivity correlates closely with the concentration of C8 aromatics, suggesting that propene may form via a carbon-pool mechanism. While all three catalysts deactivate with time on stream, the deactivation of catalysts with Ni(ii) sites on AlO x , i.e., containing surface Ni aluminate sites, is shown to be reversible by calcination (coke removal), in contrast to the deactivation of surface Ni silicate or aluminosilicate sites, which deactivate irreversibly by forming Ni nanoparticles.

PMID:36324825 | PMC:PMC9528926 | DOI:10.1039/d2cy01272c

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