ACS Omega. 2023 Jan 4;8(2):2057-2064. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c05647. eCollection 2023 Jan 17.
Surfactants play an important role in enhancing oil recovery (EOR). With the development of tertiary oil recovery technology and the continuous improvement of environmental protection requirements, green environmentally friendly surfactants play an important role in replacing conventional surfactants. In this paper, cardanol polyoxyethylene ether (CPE) was synthesized from natural biomass cardanol. Its structure was characterized, and its surface/interface properties, salt and temperature resistance, wettability, emulsification, and oil displacement effect were studied experimentally. The results showed that CPE had good interfacial activity and temperature and salt tolerance, which can reduce the oil-water interfacial tension to 10-1 mN/m. The emulsion formed by CPE had good stability. With the increase in CPE dosage, the droplet size of the emulsion decreases. The emulsion stabilized by CPE can effectively enhance oil recovery by 11.8%. Therefore, CPE not only is environmentally friendly but also has great application potential in the field of EOR.