Green synthesis of carbamates and amides via Cu@Sal-Cs catalyzed C-O and C-N oxidative coupling accelerated by microwave irradiation

Sci Rep. 2021 Sep 13;11(1):18105. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-97554-3.

ABSTRACT

A new nano-scale Cu@salicylaldehyde-modified-chitosan (Cu@Sal-CS) was synthesized through a green, eco-friendly and cost-effective technique. The prepared catalyst was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis. The synthesized Cu@Sal-CS catalyst indicated its performance in the C-O and C-N oxidative coupling using the reaction of 1,3-dicarbonyl derivatives/2- substituted phenols with amides for the preparation of carbamates, as well as in the reaction of aldehydes and various amines in the synthesis of amides. The significant features of this work are operational simplicity of catalyst synthesis, in situ and new modification method, use of an efficient, recoverable, frequently reused and stable catalyst without any loss of catalytic activity, and high yields of the products in short times.

PMID:34518604 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-97554-3

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