Green synthesis of highly efficient and stable copper oxide nanoparticles using an aqueous seed extract of Moringa stenopetala for sunlight-assisted catalytic degradation of Congo red and alizarin red s

Heliyon. 2023 May 6;9(5):e16067. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16067. eCollection 2023 May.


Environmental pollution by organic pollutants because of population growth and industrial expansion is a global concern. Following this, the fabrication of single and efficient nanomaterials for pollution control is highly demanded. Under this study, highly efficient and stable copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) were synthesized through the green method using Moringa stenopetala seed extract. XRD, UV-vis, FT-IR, and SEM were applied to characterize the synthesized material. From XRD data, the average particle size was found to be 6.556 nm, and the nanoparticles are crystalline in nature. The formation of CuO NPs was demonstrated by FT-IR spectra of Cu-O in different bending vibration bands at 535 cm-1 and 1122 cm-1, as well as stretching vibration of Cu-O at 1640 cm-1. From UV-visible spectroscopic measurements, the energy band gap of greenly synthesized CuO NPs was found to be 1.73 eV. The SEM result shows that the nanoparticles’ surfaces are rough, with some of the particles having spherically random orientation. The photodegradation efficiency of green synthesized CuO NPs photocatalyst was found to be 98.35% for Congo red at optimum experimental parameters (initial concentration, 25 mg/L; exposure time, 120 min; catalyst dose, 0.2 g; and pH, 5) and 95.4% for Alizarin Red S at optimum experimental parameters (catalyst dose, 0.25 g; initial concentration, 40 mg/L; exposure time, 120 min; and pH, 4.6). The COD values determined for the degraded product strongly support the complete mineralization of the dyes toward nontoxic materials. Reusability of the catalyst was investigated for five cycles, and the results clearly indicate the green synthesized CuO NPs are highly stable, can be used for several times, and are cost-effective as well. The degradation of Congo red and Alizarin red S on the surface of the CuO NPs follows the MBG kinetic model.

PMID:37215876 | PMC:PMC10196866 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16067


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