Green-synthesized, pH-stable and biocompatible carbon nanosensor for Fe3+: An experimental and computational study

Heliyon. 2022 Apr 7;8(4):e09259. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09259. eCollection 2022 Apr.

ABSTRACT

Brightly fluorescent Carbon Dots (CDs) were synthesized by green hydrothermal method using commonly available biomass (Aloe vera) as carbon precursor. Their physiochemical and optical characterization was done by standard microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. Photophysical features of their aqueous dispersion were investigated in detail. The influence of wide pH range (2-12), high ionic load (2M) and temperature on their photoluminescence behavior was investigated. Their in-vitro cytotoxicity examination was conducted on Human Cervical Cancer Cells (HeLa) using MTT assay. Testing of their ion-recognition property for common metal ions was done in aqueous medium. These CDs exhibited preferential interaction with Fe3+ over other tested metal ions, without any functionalization. Interaction between CDs and Fe3+ was analyzed in the light of Density Functional Theory (DFT). The work demonstrates that these CDs are acting as nanoprobe for Fe3+ and sensing it at ultra-trace level (5 nM).

PMID:35450389 | PMC:PMC9018154 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09259

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